In the original story, Pat Callaghan gave a good overview of the efforts which have been made to 'green' Stoke-on-Trent after its long history of industrial pollution and desolation due to the pottery, mining and steel industries.
This story has been created to give more detail about specific aspects.
Main text to follow.
Etruria : the largest area of desolation in Stoke-on-Trent
When Josiah Wedgwood opened his new factory at Etruria in 1769 the area was still basically countryside.
As one of the instigators of the Trent & Mersey canal, a major shareholder and unpaid treasurer of the project, Josiah was able to 'arrange' that the new canal ran right along the frontage of the new fact
The problem of how to deal with mine waste heaps is not one which has only been raised and discussed recently - there was a debate in Parliament on the issue in 1936 - http://www.theyworkforyou.com/debates/?id=1936-05-14a.679.5
Possibly the greatest driver for dealing with the issue was the Aberfan disaster in October 1966, when slippage of a mine spoil heap caused the death of 116 schoolchildren and 28 adults.
In the 1980s major efforts were made to clean up the marl holes, mine waste heap and - particularly - the large area formerly occupied by the Shelton Bar steelworks.
Waste heaps were grassed over, marl holes filled and the Shelton Bar site became the Stoke-on-Trent Garden Festival site in 1986.
The city won a number of awards for its regeneration efforts.